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Lección Dieciséis (16)

  ¿Dónde? Where?
1 Antes de hacer mi pregunta, me preparo,
buscando palabras en el diccionario (1).
Before putting [of do(ing)] my question,
(I) prepare myself, (by) looking-up words in the dictionary.
2 Veo que la señora vieja, que en este momento no habla,
me mira con cierta curiosidad.
Le preguntaré a ella.
(I) see that the old lady, who at this moment does not speak,
looks (at) me with a certain curiosity.
(I) shall ask it to her.
3 Perdone señora, digo, haga el favor de decirme donde... (2). Pardon me, madam, I say, will you please [do the favour to] tell me where...
4 ¿Usted as francés? You are French?
5 Sí, señora. Voy a Madrid. Busco una pensión,
y quiero saber donde...
Yes madam, (I) go to Madrid, (I) seek a boarding-house,
and want to know where...
6 ¿Viene usted por sus negocios,
o para aprender la lengua (3) ?
Do you come for your [comes your H. for his] businesses]
or to learn the language?
7 Vengo para aprender la lengua.
Puede usted indicarme donde...
(I) come to learn the language.
Can you indicate me where...
8 No es difícil la lengua española.
Se escribe tal como se habla (4).
Aprenderá usted muy pronto.
The Spanish language is not difficult.
(It) is written [writes itself] just [such] as (it) is spoken [speaks itself].
You will learn very quickly.
9 Lo espero, señora.
He leído aquí un anuncio, pero no sé donde...
(I) hope so [it] madam.
(I) have read here an advertisement but (I) don't know where...
10 El francés es mucho más difícil.
Tiene tantas palabras que se escriben de un modo
y se hablan de otro.
Tengo un hermano que...
French is much more difficult.
(It) has so many words which are written [write themselves] in [of] one way,
and are sounded [spoken] in another.
(I) have a brother who...

1 ¿Qué hace usted esta tarde? What do you do this afternoon?
2 Tengo mucho que hacer; y usted, ¿qué hace? (I) have much [which] to do; and you, what do you do?
3 Nada de particular. Voy a buscar un piso para mi hermano. Nothing [of] particular. (I) go to seek an apartment for my brother.
4 ¿Dónde vive ahora su hermano? Where does your brother live now? [where lives now his (your H's) brother]
5 Vive en Burgos; pero vendrá a vivir aquí con su familia. (He) lives in Burgos; but (he) will come  to live here with his family.
6 ¿Quiere usted un piso con baño? Do you seek an apartment with (a) bath-(room)?
7 Sí, si no es caro. Yes, if (it) is not expensive,

1 Hacer (pron. athair) is irregular; sent. 3 : haga : do (imperative).
2 Decir, to say; yo digo, I say; el (or usted) dice, he says, or you say;
yo he dicho, I have said.
By degrees we shall become familiar with those annoying irregular verbs.

Por sus negocios, for his business[es] : this is logical, since we speak in the third pers. :
Does your H. come for her business(es)?
- For the use of por and para, see less. 21, note 3.

4 Se escribe, se habla : infinitives: escribir, hablar.
Hence the different endings; same thing, sent. 10, in the plural.
  Piso (pron. peesso) means floor (storey) as well as apartment, flat.
In the latter sense, one also says : cuarto (cf. quarters).