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32 Lección Décima (10ͣ)  
  Un chocolate y un periódico A chocolate and a paper.
1 Son las ocho, y el tren sale a las ocho y media (1). It is eight [are the eight] and the train leaves at half past 8 [at the 8 and
2 Tengo tiempo para tomar una taza de chocolate en la fonda. I have time to [for] take a cup of chocolate in the refreshment-room.
3 ¡Camarero! Un chocolate con bizcochos ¡pronto! Waiter! A chocolate with biscuits, quick!
4 ¿Cuánto es? - Una peseta (2). How much is (it) ? - One peseta.
5 Yo doy una peseta, y veinte céntimos de propina.
- Gracias, señor.
I give one peseta and twenty centimes for a [of] tip.
Thank you, sir.
6 Me levanto, y voy al quiosco a comprar un periódico español,
que vale diez céntimos.
(I) [me] get up and go to the bookstall to buy a Spanish paper
which costs ten centimes.
7 Me esforzaré por leer el periódico en el tren. (I) shall try ["effort myself"] to [for] read the paper in the train.
8 Hay muchas palabras que se parecen en español y en francés(3). There are many words which resemble each other in Spanish and French.
9 Espero que comprenderé o adivinaré bastante,
con la ayuda de mi diccionario.
(I) hope that (I) shall understand or guess enough,
with the aid of my dictionary.

1 ¿A qué hora se levanta usted?

At what time do you get up?

2 Me levanto a las echo y media. (I) get up at half past 8.
3 ¿Tiene usted bastante dinero español? Have you enough Spanish money?
4 Tengo sólo quince pesetas,
pero voy a cambiar mi dinero francés.
(I) have only fifteen pesetas,
but (I) go to [at] change my French money.
5 En la estación hay una oficina de cambio. In the station there is an exchange office [office of exch.]
(S. less. 14, paragr. I).

Solo : alone, single, only (adject.);
sólo (same pron.) : only (adverb.).

1 We have seen that good day is said in the plural Buenos días.
So for the time : It is four o'clock : son las cuatro (understood : horas).

Let us distinguish : cuanto, how much and cuando : when.
Cuanto has an accent on the a in interrogative or exclamative sentences.
You have probably noticed that another word, que, takes an accent in interrogations :
¿Qué hora es? What time is it?


Mucho, much or many, varies in the feminine and plural.
Mucha alegría : much mirth;
 muchas personas : many persons;
muchos hombres : many men.


Let us examine together the verbs in this lesson.
We know that in the present the 3rd pers. sing, ends in a in verbs with an infinitive in ar, in e in the others.
El tren sale (infin. salir).
The train takes
... would be : el tren toma (infin. tomar).

Let us see sent. 6 : comprar, to buy.
He buys... will be : él compra, and you buy (which, in Spanish, is also the 3rd pers. :
your H. buys) : usted compra.
Same sentence : un periódico qué vale (infin. valer, to cost).


The future, 1st person is formed by adding é to the infinitive :
partir, to depart, leave : yo partiré, I shall leave.
Tomar, to take; yo tomaré, I shall take.
Comprar, to buy; yo compraré, I shall buy.
Leer, read; yo leeré, I shad read, etc...

The 3rd pers. of the future is formed in á.
So with usted :
usted partirá, usted comprará, usted leerá:
you (singular) will leave, buy, read (3rd person in Spanish).

Irregular verbs are learnt really only by practice;
that is why we begin from the first to study a few usual ones :
yo tengo, usted tiene, I have, you have (possess, hold).
- Yo doy, I give; yo voy, I go.