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ASSIMIL - Russian for English speakers - 1951 | Download Audio R101

     

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Lesson 94

372

Russian

English
 

(94-)

Ninety forth lesson

     
 

(94)

Lesson number ninety four (#94)

     
  . A district town
     
1 , (1), The town was a district-town, 150 (versts) distant from the county-town,
2 a . (2) and 30 [versts] from the nearest railway-station.
     
3 , , . (3) (There) lived in It civil servants, tradesmen, and middle-class people ; a regiment of dragoons had its quarters (there).
4 , , (4) (There) were a lower boys' secondary-school, and a girls' one, a higher elementary (district] school,
5 , - , (5) various administrations, a branch of the Volga-Kama Bank,
6 , ... (6) a steam flour-mill, a prison, and ten stone churches.
7 , , - In the centre of the town, on the Market-place, stood trading rows (of shops),
     
8 , , long, low buildings, covered with a green(-painted) iron roof,
9 , , , (7) and divided into a multitude of shops, dark and deep as caves,
     
10 , , , , (8) where they traded in chintz (instrum.), leather, kerosene, horse-harness,
11 , , ,
.. (9)
nails, scythes, powder and lead, buttons and other articles of haberdashery ["gallantry wares"]
     
12 , ; (There) was in the town a club where they had [was had] a decent library ;
13 , ... there was an avenue -- a walking place for girls, (high) schoolboys and officers :
     
14 , At the club they organized dancing parties and amateur performances,
15 . (10) but only the very young [green youth] were interested in it (istrum.).
16 , The old people preferred cards and vodka ;
17 (11). and the books of [from] the library, only the young girls and Jewish boys took (them).
  ( ). (to be continued).
 

EXERCISE
1 , (or ) :
, ;
Gentlemen, let's stop playing ;
(it's) already light outside, and I want to sleep a little ;
2 . for I shall have much to do to-day.
3 ; ; Let's play another little game ; afterwards you'll sleep here ;
4 . we shall fix you up on a divan.
5 ; . Thank you ; but I must absolutely go (back) home.
6 ; ( ); -! You're a bachelor ; nobody is waiting for you at home ; do stay !
7 , , . Don't insist ; however I regret it [how to me a pity], I must go.
8 , , ;
! (or !).
Well, if duty calls (you), we let you go ;
fare you well !
 

ADDITIONAL EXERCISE

1 , . Swallow up this powder three times day, before eating.
2 , ? Is it a goods train or a passenger train?
3 . I have received news of him.
4 . He did not warn me of his arrival.
5 ? In what goods (wares) do you trade?
6 . I learn how to skate [walk on skates].
7 . I prefer to go on skis.
8 . Let's go in a sledge (plur.).
9 ? What tooth-powder do you use?
     
    Let us remember :
  Share this between yourselves.
  I divided the cake in two.
  He won't invent powder ;
he is not very clever
(He'll not set the Thames on fire.)
  he is nothing but skin and hone. (, bone).
     
  : [The scythe has struck [found] a stone;
tit for tat ; he's found his master.
 
  , cabbage soup and gruel, (that's) our pittance.
 

NOTES -

AK-NOTE

1 : administrative "district", as compared with the "Government" (County), (), (In former Russia),
The (central) Government : .
(" ") : to be remote.
 
2 , , : near, nearer, the nearest.
, , : far, farther, the farthest.
: the verst (3,500 feet) ;
: 3 versts; : 5 versts.
 
3 : civil servant.
: grade.
: according to the grade.
: middle-class man; fem. : ; plural: (N. 5).
 
4 : secondary school ;
: the (secondary) school-boy.
: lower (or district) secondary school.
: a gymnast ; : gymnasium.
 
5 : : in my presence.
is also : a government office.
- - : the Volga () and Kama Bank.
 
6 : steam;
: of, worked by, steam.
, : stone or pebble.
Stone being scarce In Russia, many buildings are made of wood or bricks.
: a stone(-built) church.
 
7 : a cave.
, : a (small) shop.
 
8 : chnitz;
: skin or leather.
- : kerosine, kerosene;
: petrol ;
: fuel-oil.
(masc.), (fem.) : horse.
: mare.
: ("small horses") : the skates.
- : the skis.
- or (plural) : the sledge.
 
9 (masc.) : nail (: finger-nails).
- : the scythe or plait.
- : gunpowder.
: powder (generally).
(fem.) : (shooting) lead.
: haberdashery.
: goods
: .
- : lead.
 
10 : youth, young people;
. : golden youth (born with silver spoon).
: youth, young age;
: early youth (from : early).
: early childhood.
 
11 : .
- : adolescence;
: an adolescent.
- Here (imp.) : we/they were taking would take (regularly), and not (perf.) : we/they took, which would be : took (once).
meaning and is a little stronger than : and also.
 

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