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ASSIMIL - Russian for English speakers - 1951 | Download Audio R065

     

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Lesson 58

212

Russian

English
 

(58-)

Fifty eighth lesson

     
 

(58)

Lesson number fifty eight (#58)

     
 

.

An energetic lady
   

(From now on we shall translate by you).

1 (1) Before dinner, Mrs Spandikov went away to bathe and
2 , , (2) [so] as she was long in coming back [long did not come back],
[then] (her) husband became anxious and,
     
3 (N. 2), . having dined, went for her.
4 , (3) He found her sitting on the lower step of the staircase,
     
5 , , (4). close [even] to the water, already, dressed but bitterly weeping.
6 ? . What's the matter with you [of what you]?, asked Mr. Spandikov.
7 ,
(5).
I lost my wedding-ring in the water, sobbed Mrs. Spandikova.
8 ? . - Well ? (It's) a great pity. But [anyhow] what (can one) do?
9 , , . . You lost it, that is [means] you have it no longer [and not of it]. Let's go.
10 ?...
.
How? Let's go? Thus can speak only an old ass.
11 ? (6)
,
Why do you abuse (me)?
Whose fault is it [who can be guilty in that],
     
12 ?.. .
, (7).

if [that] the ring is lost ["perished"] ; I shall buy another.
Let's go, darling [nice].

13 ! , He will buy another ! [yes] do you really not know
14
!
that to lose (one's) wedding ring means a great misfortune?
15 !
!
(8)!
(It is) the first time (I) hear ( it) !
(It's) the first time (he) hears (of it) !
This is known of every suckling.
16 , .
!.. , (9).
Well then I shall go home.
He will go home ! Undress at once, and slip into the water.
17 (10) ...
.
I cannot go away without a ring.
This will bring (upon) us a dreadful misfortune.
18 .
.
But [yes] I don't feel like it.
- Slip in !
19 ( , ). (After a warm discussion, the husband undressed and slipped into the water).
  ( . :
" ").
(From a tale by A. Avertchenko :
Mrs. Spandikov's day).
 

EXERCISE
1 (or )? When will you come back to us?
2

( ) .

I shall come back next week.
3

(or ) ?

Why does he not come back?
4 , , . Don't cry, my darling, it is no use crying.
5 ? . Whose is this umbrella?
I found it under the table.
6 .
? ; .
I (have) mislaid my watch in the garden.
In the garden? It is not lost, it will be found again.
7 ? Who brought these books?
8 . I shall bring you a cup of tea.
9 (or ) ? Why do you chide this boy?
10 , . Because he was swearing, like a carter.
  . Because he was swearing like a carter.
 

ADDITIONAL EXERCISE

1 . I go (imperf.) to the station.
2 . I was going to the station (imperf.).
3 . I went (perf.) to the station.
4 . I shall go (perf.) to the station.
5 . I should go (perf.) to the station.
6 . I lose (imperf.) my head.
7 ; I was losing (imperf.) my head.
8 ; I (have) lost (perf.) my head.
9 ; I shall lose (perf.) my head.
10 . I should lose (perf.) my head.
     
    Note :
  (It's) no use being rude or getting angry.
  Everybody knows it.
  It will bring you luck.
  I (have) mislaid (my) pencil.
  It is surely not lost.
 

NOTES -

AK-NOTE

1

, Mrs. (Madam) and , Mr.,
were used before 1918 and have been superseded by in current use;
: Ladies and gentlemen.
: to send, forward;
: [to "send oneself") : to start for, resort to.
: to bathe.
Do not mistake it with and , to buy.

 
2

or : to worry, become anxious.
is , without; : quiet, peace.
, calm, peaceful.

 
3

: the step (in stairs).
: the staircase or ladder (root, , as in , to climb, thrust oneself).

 
4

We have in parag. 4, instead of ;
here : instead of and instead of .
Why the instrumental? It is rather difficult to explain.
So let's wait for a few more examples before having a shot at it.
, , , :
to weep, I weep, he weeps, you pl. weep.

 
5

: the ring; , the wheel, plural : (kal'osa)
(vssH'
leepnoot'), to sob, hiccup.
It's difficult to pronounce, but picturesque!

 
6

: to snub, to revile;
,
to dispute, revile each other or to speak abuse
(
For the "thou" , S. N. 1, lesson 63).

 
7

(hard L!) : nice.
, : my darling (masc. and fem.).
: the ring is lost (definitely) ;
: the ring is missing (can be found again).

 
8

: a nursling, an infant.
, (genitive), (dative).
: familiar for .
, I hear; : I listen.

 
9

: 1) to climb; 2) to thrust oneself, creep in - , .
, , , , :
I climb, or slip, he climbs or slips, you pl. climb; creep in, slip in (plur.; sing.)

 
10

: to go; : to go away, leave.

 

(Don't Do It Section)