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ASSIMIL - Russian for English speakers - 1951 | Download Audio R061

     

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Lesson 54

194

Russian

English
 

(54-)

Fifty fourth lesson

     
 

(54)

Lesson number fifty four (#54)

     
 

(1)

Walking [on walk]
     
1

!
, , (2)

How nice it is outside [How charming on yard]. The morning air is still fresh, pure,
2 ,
  ! (3)
the sun already begins to (be) warm, (it is) good to be [live] on earth !
     
3

?
,
? (4)

Where shall we go? Will you (go) along the river, up to Gogol's Monument, then by Gardens-(Street) up to Theatre Square?
4 .
, .
It is perfectly indifferent to me. Take [lead] rue where (motion) you like.
     
5 (5) . I would (femin.) like to show you the noteworthy things of the town.
6 ? What is this tower?
7 ;
,
(6) ...
It is a fire-tower; from there firemen formerly watched [after] the town and in case of a fire...
8 A ?
,
(7) ...
And now?
Now of course, it is superfluous, there are telephonic robots.
9 , , ?
...
Look, Nina Aleksandrovna what happened over there? A crowd is gathering.
10 ; ,
(N. 9) (8).
Nothing happened; that is the market and all these people are busy with their purchases (instr.).
11 , . Let's go (and) see, what is sold there?
     
12 : ;
(N. 8) -
  (9).
Ask rather : what is not sold there;
you find everything here, from worn out clothes to vegetables and meat.
13 ! . What (a) noise ! All these people shout at the top of their voices [in all throat].
14 , , (10) . Yes, our moujik, like [and) all peasants, like to speak loud.
15 ..
? (11)
Here are those two (who) quarrel so warmly... are they not going to fight?
16 , ;
(12) - (N. 9).
No it will not go so far as [until] this; they simply haggle in their (own way).
 

EXERCISE
1 . You must go up to (perf.) the square and turn (perf.) on the right.
2 . The letter arrived (perf.) in London (acc. of mot.) in [through] one week.
3 . He warms (imperfect) himself in the sun.
4 . Take (perf.) this in remembrance of me [of me on memory].
5 . She has gone (perf.) shopping (instr.).
6 ? About what (prepos.) are you discussing so warmly (imperf.)?
7 " "? What does a "mne bezrazlichno" mean?
8 , " ". The same as "mne vsio ravno".
9 ""?
"" : ;
: .

And "different"?
Different means : not (the) same ;
one also says [they say] : "razno".

10 .
, .
The Russian language is very rich (masc.).
Yes, and unhappily very difficult...
 

ADDITIONAL EXERCISE

1 . Let's go (perf.) out (acc. of mot.).
2 .
.
The river is beautiful (nom.).
(It is) cold outside (prepos.).
3 . Let's go up to the river (genit.).
4 . Let's go alongside the river (genit.).
5

[].

Lets go on the other side of [behind] the river (acc. of mot.)
6 . The monument is on the other side of [behind] the river (instr.)
7 . Let's go up to the monument (genit.).
8 . Let's go behind the monument (acc. of mot.).
9 ( ) ;
.

I shall wait before (instr.)
behind the monument (instr.).

10 ?
- ?
Of what monument do you speak (prep.) ?
- Of what river (prep.)?
11 . They have gone into the garden (acc. of mot.).
12 . (1) They are sitting in the garden (prepos.).
13

/ .

The tower is in the middle of the garden (genit.).
14 . Stop before the garden (instrumental).
     
    Let us pluck to-day :
  it freezes outside.
  it's  superfluous.
 

it will not go so far.

  - each sang in his own way.
  they are concerned with their affairs.
  , they quarrel, but they won't fight.
 

NOTES -

AK-NOTE

1

(Hard L!) : a walk.
, to take a little stroll.
: he walked about all the morning.
also means to fail to go to work, and for schoolboys, to play the truant.
: a workman () who fails to go to work.
, absence from work.

 
2

: the yard;
: outside.
: the door-keeper.
, the courtier, nobleman.

, a much used word, is also the farm, the "hearth".
, a village of one hundred hearths.
, the palace.

 
3

: 1) the world; 2) the light.
: I'm alone in the world.
: give light!
: in the moonlight.
: it is already light.

 
4

, the river.
: alongside the river.
: on, along, the river.
- : a monument.
: street of gardens.
: the garden;
, the gardener.
(Lawsh'ad'), the (public) square.
comes from , the memory.
: to write from memory.

 
5

Here is a master word, fit to rival with our "anticonstitutionally".
- represents , worthy;
, remarkable.
: a thing worthy of note.

 
6

: a fire; , the firemen
(The root is as in , heat, , fried, , roast meat).

 
7

: superfluous; neuter : ; feminine: .

 
8

: the market.
or : to buy: , a purchase ; , the buyer, customer.

 
9

: which has been worn (From , to wear, or carry);
(pLattie) : the dress, the garment or the clothes.
: vegetables.

 
10

(kresst'yanin), plural : the peasant, peasants.
(masc.), the cross.
: Christ ; : Jesus; : the Christian.
is applied only to the Russian peasant.
: the husband, man.
, man as opposed to woman : .

 
11

: to dispute about something.
: a dispute.
, burning.
(imperfective), (perfect.) : to fight.
( , I fight. , I shall fight) .

 
12

: to haggle; : to trade, to sell.
: trader, merchant.
: commerce, trade.
: to go up to, to reach.
, ...: the affair reached such a point that...

 
     
(1)

See less. 35, paragraph 8.

 

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