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ASSIMIL - Russian for English speakers - 1951 | Download Audio R059

     

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Lesson 52

186

Russian

English
 

(52-)

Fifty second lesson

     
 

(52)

Lesson number fifty two (#52)

     
 

(1)

 
   

Jokes

1 .
, (2).
Very simple.
(I) don't understand how you can eat and read a book at the same (one) time.
2 : , a (3). (It's) very simple : I read with one eye (instrum.), and with the other, (I) eat.
     
3 , (N. 6) (4) ? Is it true, doctor, that married people live longer (than) single (ones)?
4 ; . No, it only looks (so) to them.
     
5 .
, !
A cheap medical examination.
How glad I am to meet you, doctor.
6 ? What happened?
7 (5); ; ; I am unwell; I have a headache, a sore throat,
8 . and all the time I sneeze and cough.
9 ; (6). Obviously you have caught a cold; you have a cold (In your head).
10

A , , ?

And what do you do, doctor, when (if] you have a cold?
11 ? : . I? The same as you : (I) sneeze and cough.
     
12 , . You have obviously forgotten that you owe me [to me owing] 30 roubles.
13 , You would not say that (negative genitive), if you knew how I apply myself
14 (7) ! not to meet [with] you!
 

EXERCISE
1

?
, (
or )

Have you finished to read the book?
No, but I shall finish it for [toward] tonight ( + dative) (or +  genitive).

2 . I met them (perfective) yesterday evening (instr.).
3 . [On] last week I would meet (imperfective') them often.
4 , . He has caught a cold and stays [sits] at home.
5 ? How much do I owe you?
6 . You owe me nothing.
7 , .

He would not speak like this, if he knew [would know] the whole truth.

8 . I apply myself to speak slowly.
9 ? . What for (should I) [to me] apply myself? I am never lucky.
10 ! . What (do) you (say) ! It is not permitted to (one may not) speak like this.
 

ADDITIONAL EXERCISE

1 . Here is an interesting book.
2 . Show her (dative) this book (accus.).
3 (1). I did not see your book (negat. genit.).
4 . Your pen is behind the big book (instr.).
5 ? Of what book (prepos.) do you speak?
6 . Here are all my books.
7 . Put [lay] these books on the table (acc. of motion).
8 . He has very few books (genit.).
9 . I found this letter under your books (instr. plur.).
10 . There is nothing interesting (genit.) in your books (prepos. plur.).
     
    Let us note :
  ? ? How are you, how do you do?
  ! Your health!
  ! Fare you well! or God bless you!
  , I caught a cold, you caught a cold.
  it is for run (that) he said so.
  This flies to the eyes.
 

NOTES -

AK-NOTE

1

, jest, joke.
, , to jest, to joke.
, a wag, joker.
, (jokes aside) : joking[s] aside.
- , for fun.

 
2

To eat () is (like , in , infinitive ) when it means the act of eating, either for a man or an animal.
- There is also , but not for animals.
B or .
(fem.) a/the book.

 
3 : the eye; : the eyes.
, with one eye.
- (inst.) with closed eyes.
- : it flies [rushes] to the eyes.
 
4

, longer (adv.); (: long, adv.).
, farther; (: far). : more. All followed by the genitive.
: the bachelor.

 
5

(zdarrw-v'e) : health.
? How is your health ( ?).
! your health!
: sane, healthy.
! Fare you well! or God bless you! if somebody sneezes ().

 
6

comes from , the eyes, an obsolete word (modern, ) and , visible.
Let us note : , the spectacles, glasses.
- : to catch cold.
- , a cold in the head.
, to blow one's nose.

 
7

Verbs : note (par. 5) (perfective) : there has been only one encounter;
and par. 14 : (imperfective);
you could say : , but not , for the action is undefined in time.

 
     
(1)

Genitive : , with final , for is never used after the consonants , , , called guttural, and , , and .

 

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