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ASSIMIL - Russian for English speakers - 1951 | Download Audio R050

     

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Lesson 43

150

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English
 

(43-)

Forty third lesson

     
 

(43)

Lesson number forty three (#43)

     
 

(1)

(The) seven days of the week
     
1 - ? How are called in Russian the seven days of the week?
     
2 , , , .

Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday...

     
3 , (2), a . Stop, not all at-the-same-time, or I shall not remember.
     
4

, (3) , .

Let us say, to-day Sunday, (a) day of rest.
     
5 , (4) To-morrow Monday begins the working week.
     
6

( ) , .

After to-morrow Tuesday, the second day of the working week (genit.).
     
7 ... ? And then Wednesday; how (can one) remember Wednesday? (accus.).
     
8 : ( ) (5) : This is how : Wednesday, in the middle (prepos.) of the week (genit.),
     
9 , . three days until Wednesday, and three days after.
     
10 ; , ? Excellent; and Thursday, fourth day?
     
11 . , . . (Just) so. And Friday, fifth day. (It's) very simple.
12 (6).
?
[For us] (there) remains only Saturday. How (can one) remember it?
13 (7) , (8) ? Is it possible that you don't know that Saturday (Sabbath) is a festivity among the Jews?
14 :
, , , , , , .
!

[Give] let's repeat :
Sunday, Mon., Tues., Wed., Th., Fr. Saturday.
That's [here is and] all!

 

EXERCISE
1 . On [in] Sunday, people walk-about and divert themselves.
     
2 , . On [in] Monday, (it is) difficult to get up early to go to work.
     
3 . On [in] Tuesday, I have an appointment with the dentist.
     
4 . On [in] Wednesday (accus.) evening, we shall go to the circus.
     
5 . I shall pay you at the blue moon [after the shower on Thursday].
     
6 . On [in] Friday (accus.) morning I shall not be (negat. genit.) at home.
     
7 . On [in] Saturday (accus.) I shall go away to the country.
   

After , the names of the days are in the accusative.

 

ADDITIONAL EXERCISE

1 .

One time. Once.

2 . Twice [two times].
3 . Five times.
4 ? How many times?
5 ? Do you really not know him?
6 . We have nothing left.
7 . I shall not be (negative genitive) at home from Thursday (genit.) to Saturday (genit.).
8 . I shall come back on [in] Saturday (accus.) evening (instr.).
9 ? What [how] is this called?
10 ? What is his name?
     
  ! Stop!
  one can't do everything at once.
  from to-day.
  ? Is he a Jew by any chance?
  and that's all.
  once in a or at the blue moon.
   

(, the rain; , light rain, shower.
Genitive after ).

 

NOTES -

AK-NOTE

1 See less. 42, par. 4.  
2

, or : once.
: at a time, at once.
- , , ; we have seen those various forms.
Let us only, for the moment, remember the root : .

"" is not a root. There is " " which is more like radical, cf. "" - to think, to fansy, to imagine. + is something like "to by think" or "to fancy for some time". It's one of core words that you must just "dig-in" into.

3

, to-day, is, literally "of this day".
is the genitive of () (that we have seen in ), and is the genitive of .
The adjective , of to-day is redundant : , the day of to-day.

 
4

, work, gives the adjective (, ), of work, working.
(noun) is the workman. , worker.
, working woman.
, slave.

I've mention "radical" above, so here's an explanation of it: (slave), (work, job), (to work) has a "" radical.
Root of the word, "" ("someone who works'), is a part of the word, and can only patially explain meaning of this particular word.
On the other hand, we can guess that "" is someone who's under (Ra), like in " " - the servant of god, lit. "slave god's".  "" is a radical that can be traced into Arabic, as you have guessed already.

5

, the middle;
, in the very middle of.
: "the golden middle" mean.
Same root in and .

 
6 : the Sabbath, or Saturday.  
7 , is it (possible) that, with surprised expression. (= by any chance).  
8

('evrei) a Jew.
, a Jewish woman.
('eve--ee) : the Jews.
, of the Jews (gen. plural).
The adjective Jewish is (Hebrew).

 

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