(2019) | | V/701

Naze なぜ

Interrogative adverb meaning: why.

1. In a question

"Naze yasunda no desu ka." "Kaze o hiita kara desu."
"Why were you absent?" "Because I caught a cold."

Naze kare wa kita no desu ka.
Why did he come?

Kare ni naze yakusoku o yabutta no ka tazunemashita ka.
Did you ask him why he broke his promise?

-> See also: doushite, ka
Nazenaraba...kara なぜならば。。。から

Conjunction meaning: (why?)... because.

Desu may be put after kara to end a sentence more politely, and the ba after nazenaraba may be dropped. The reason for the action is stated in the clause between nazenaraba and kara.

1. Whit sentence inserted in the middle

Kare wa konai deshou. nazenaraba ikitaku nai to itteta kara desu.
He may not come. (The reason why is) because he said he didn't want to come.

-> See also: kara
Ne ね

Colloquial particle used for requesting agreement or confirmation from the hearer, or for softening the tone of a statement.
It may function as an English tag question or may be used after any word in a sentence in order to call the listener's attention to it.

1. At the end of declarative sentence

"Kyou wa tenke ga totemo ii desu ne." "Sou desu ne."
"The weather is nice today, isn't it?" "Yes, it is."

Honda san mo ikimasu ne.
You're going too, Mr. Honda, aren't you?

2. After nasai/kudasai

Zehi paatii ni kite kudasai ne.
By all means please come to our party, OK?

3. After any elements of sentence

Dakara ne, motto ne ganbatte hoshii n desu yo.
That's why, you know, I want you to work/study harder.

-> See also: yo
Neba naranai ねばならない

Predicative phrase (expressing obligation) meaning: have to, must.

1. After the stem of nai-form of verb

Mou ikaneba narimasen.
I have to leave now.

Wakai uchi wa motto shigoto seneba narimasen.
You must work harder while you are young.
(this uses the antiquated form se[neba] instead of the more common stem shi)

-> See also: nakereba naranai




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